The exploration of installation work was initiated by a discontent for objects to successfully activate the overall space in which they inhabit (i.e. gallery and museum walls, floors, etc.). Initiated by the Clay Installation series, the work evolved and became nonmaterial specific—including permanent outdoor pieces as well as public art that continued to develop and change over time. While the bulk of these works deal with time-based sensibilities and impermanence, some works still remain in isolated areas and public spaces continuing to evolve and be affected by their physical environment.